Tuesday, December 10, 2019

Cyber Cafe Management Essay Sample free essay sample

I. Purpose and Scope of the StudyThe intent of the undertaking is to automatize cyber coffeehouse. The package must include commissariats to maintain user inside informations and login history. It should assist the cafe proprietors to recover user inside informations when needed and internet use in the system. It should be capable of apportioning cabins automatically. It should assist the cafe proprietor in ciphering day-to-day use of the systems and income. The system we propose has great range in the current existent clip state of affairs. The cyber offense monitoring system can be enhanced to an extent by implementing this system. Most of the houses and constitutions are being computerized in order to ease the undertakings to be performed. The cyberspace cafes unluckily are seldom computerized. We aim through this venture. a better dependable solution. II. Description of Present Situation Soon. most of the maps in the Cyber cafes are done manually. Even though there are LAN connexions and an decision maker system. an machine-controlled system is non introduced. The proprietor records the inside informations of the clients. login and logout clip. cabin and has to cipher the sum. All these inside informations are written in book. Besides there is no particular system to apportion cabins expeditiously. The proprietor besides has to cipher the entire income of a twenty-four hours. The present system has following restrictions: * Restrictions in study coevalss * Manual recording consumes extra clip* Opportunities of mistake* Trouble in apportioning cabins* The retrieval of information sing a client is clip devouring * Lack of charge system and manual computation of day-to-day income * Repeated recording of frequent user inside informations III. Problems and RequirementsIn the present scenario the cafe proprietor keeps a paper book to maintain path of user inside informations. Manual processing of informations is ever clip devouring and may perpetrate more mistakes. There is much trouble in apportioning cabins to the users. Further mention to the user inside informations is clip devouring. Accuracy of such informations makes the system undependable and inefficient. Obviously there is demand of an efficient system. IV. Objective of the new System The aim of this package is to keep the inside informations of users. cabins and login history. Through this system we provide installation of prepaid and postpaid histories severally for Account Users and Walkthrough Users. It has the characteristics like adding. sing. redaction of user inside informations. cabin inside informations. recharge option for prepaid users. charge. duty scenes. etc. V. Possible Alternative In present state of affairs of Cyber Cafe . the Administrator manually records the inside informations of the clients log in. log out clip and cabin. Besides. He has to manually cipher the sum of clip consumed and the fees to be paid by the client. The entire income of a twenty-four hours must besides be calculated by the proprietor. Because of these. we planned a possible alternate to restrict the opportunities of mistakes particularly in computation of fees and entire income. And to avoid redundancy in entering frequent user inside informations. The current system is an application plan that provides a better manner of direction of cyberspace coffeehouse. Users those who have an history with the system are entertained. Creation of history is nevertheless really easy. thereby enhances the dependability of the system. Criteria| Weight| Candidate 1| Candidate 2|Operational Feasibility| | | |PerformanceInformationEconomyControlEfficiencyServices| | The admin manually records the clients log in. log out clip and the Cabin. The information about the clients is non recorded. The cyber cafe purchase supplies needed for the recording of use and calculation of net incomes. Trouble in managing disobedient and hardheaded clients. Manually entering of inside informations and calculation of net income is clip devouring. Word processing. Online and Offline games and Internet Services. | User-friendly bill of fare will assist both the decision maker and the clients to work on it without any operational trouble. It can recover information of the clients easy. The cafe will non pass much because most of the engineerings used are freely available in their store. Merely customized merchandises had to be purchased. The system allows clients to take whether to log in as an history user or a walkthrough user. The oper ation is automated. Word processing. Online and Offline games. Internet Services. Account user and Walkthrough user. | Technical Feasibility| | Manually Operated. | This system is developed in JAVA linguistic communication with My SQL as backend. The Software powered by JAVA assures clear and efficient services to the bureau. The database is driven by My SQL therefore supplying portability. | Schedule Feasibility| | 1-2 hebdomads. | 4-6 months. | Standards for ComparisonVI. Analysis Of Alternative A. Existing Operational CostTable 1. UtilitiesDescription| Monthly Cost| Annual Cost|Electric Bill| | | Table 2. SuppliesDescription| Quantity| Unit Price| AnnualCost|Calculator | 1| P665| P665|Ballpen ( HBW ) | 1 personal computer. | P5| P120|Log Book| 1 personal computer. | P70| P420|Wall Clock| 1| P120| P120|Battery for Clock| 1 pack| P195| P195|Bell| 1| P85| P85| Table 3. ForcesJob Description| Personnel on Job| Monthly Salary| AnnualSalary| Administrator| 1| P3. 000| 36. 000|Assistant| 1| P2. 500| 30. 000| *Refer to Appendix I for extra descriptions and beginning B. Proposed Operational CostTable 4. UtilitiesDescription| Monthly Cost| Annual Cost|Electric Bill| | | Table 5. ForcesJob Description| Personnel on Job| Monthly Salary| AnnualSalary| Administrator| 1| P3. 000| 36. 000| *Refer to Appendix II for extra descriptions and beginning C. Proposed Develpoment CostTable 6. New Hardware and Accessory for the installing of waiter computing machine Description| Unit Price|Samsung Led Monitor| P4. 600|System Unit- HP PAVILION P6-2112D/ CORE I3-2120| P13. 500| Keyboard| P200|2. 4Ghz Wireless Mouse| P240|Mitsui AVR| P850|Speaker| 1. 800| Table 7. ForcesJobDescription| Personnel on Job| Salary/ hour| Total Salary| Programmer| 1| P300/250 hours| P75. 000|GUI Designer| 1| P250/200 hours| P50. 000|Network Administrator| 1| P350/25 hours| P8. 750| Table 8.System Cost| P 15. 000| *Refer to Appendix III for extra descriptions and beginning D. Benefit E. Payback AnalysisCash flow| Year 0| Year 1|Development cost| ( 163. 750 ) | |Operational cost| | ( 39. 000 ) |Present Value| 1| 0. 9090|Time Adj. Cost| ( 163. 750 ) | ( 35. 451 ) | Accumulative Cost| ( 163. 750 ) | ( 199. 201 ) | | | |Benefits| 0| 723. 072|Time Adj. cost| 0| 657. 272|Accumulative Benefits| 0| 657. 272|| 163. 750| 458. 071| E. Net Present ValueCash flow| Year 0| Year 1| Total| Development cost| ( 163. 750 ) | | | Operational cost| | ( 39. 000 ) | | Discount 10 % | 1. 0000| 0. 9090| | Present Value| ( 163. 750 ) | ( 199. 201 ) | | Time Present Value of a life-time Cost| | | 362. 951| | | | | Benefits| 0| 723. 072| |Discount 10 % | 1. 000| 0. 9090| | Present Value Annual Benefits| 0| 657. 272| | Total Present Value of a Lifetime Benefits| | | 657. 272| Net Present value of this Alternative| || 294. 321| E. Return of Investment AnalysisLifetime Benefits-Lifetime CostLifetime Cost= ( 657. 272-362. 951 ) 362. 951= 81. 09 % VII. RecommendationThe undertaking entitled â€Å"Cyber Cafe Management System† is a package bundle. which can be used in cyber cafes for pull offing the clients’ computing machine expeditiously. Now a day’s cyber terrorist act. which is chiefly undergone through cyberspace cafes. necessitate to be tackled decently. Thereby. it is so necessary to hive away the valid information of the user who comes for internet entree. The system being used. the clip at which the user logs in and logs out should be recorded consistently. The major advantage of computing machine is its velocity that makes it able to give some utile information really rapidly. This velocity besides opens new attacks to job resolution and information processing. Another characteristic is its truth. It besides provides high security to the system and therefore unauthorised user can be prevented. And in conclusion. easiness of operation for the proprietor. We greatly recommended this system for better managing of cyber cafes and prevent users from perpetrating cyber offense. VIII. AppendixIn this modern epoch. a figure of people entree the cyberspace often by agencies of cyber coffeehouse. For such frequent users. a prepaid history shall be maintained and discounted rates may be charged from them. While walkthrough users. who are less frequent. are charged a fixed rate. By utilizing the LAN connexions in the cyber coffeehouse we can automatize this procedure really easy. This system comprises of the undermentioned faculties: * The Server Module * The Client ModuleThe waiter faculty. which is handled by the decision maker can make new histories for prepaid users and besides store the inside informations of walkthrough clients. While in the client faculty. which is handled by users themselves. the user should give his/her user-id and watchword to get down browse. After they are logged out. the clip and sum will be automatically generated atthe waiter faculty and the measure is provided to the user. This system is developed in JAVA linguistic communication with MySQL as backend. The system is a bill of fare driven one.

Tuesday, December 3, 2019

Theodore Roosevelt Essays (417 words) - , Term Papers

Theodore Roosevelt Theodore Roosevelt was one of the most successful presidents in the United States history. He achieved many goals in life. Some of these goals were as follows: 1) He won the Spanish-American War; 2) He won the Nobel Peace Prize; 3) He was the youngest president in United States history. He also had other positions in life such as: 1) He was a Historian; 2) Politician; 3) Cowboy; 4) Buffalo Hunter; 5) Crime Fighter; 6) Reformer; and 7) a Calvaryman. Theodore Roosevelt was born in 1858 and died in 1919. He became President of the United States when President McKinley was assassinated. President Roosevelt served in office from 1901-1909. During the Spanish-American War Theodore Roosevelt served as a Lieutenant Colonel of the Rough Riders Regiment. Lieutenant-Colonel Roosevelt and his regiment led the charge up San Juan Hill, which became the most famous battle of the war. That charge made Lieutenant-Colonel Roosevelt a national war hero. Under President Roosevelt the Panama Canal was built. Panama at the time was a providence of Colombia. President Roosevelt had a good way of getting a cheap price for the canal. He organized a revolution in Panama against Colombia. As a result of the revolution the United States recognized Panama as a country and was their protector. As the protector of Panama the United States got a permanent land grant of ten miles for the Panama Canal Zone. Those methods in which President Roosevelt used to gain the rights over the canal proved to be ingenious even though his opponents did not approve of them. But most of the American population approved of his methods. Roosevelt had an aggressive foreign policy. He created the Roosevelt Corollary which said that the U.S. was not interested in gaining more land. The U.S. only wanted to see other countries around them be stable. It also stated that if their countries collapsed inviting intervention of other countries that were stronger, then the U.S. would act as an international police power. TR was also a peacemaker. He made a compromise between Russia and Japan to stop the war that was going on between the two countries. This ensured a balance of power in Asia. This action one Roosevelt the Nobel Peace Prize. So as everyone can see Theodore Roosevelt was one of the greatest presidents in U.S. history. As well as the youngest he achieved many goals and defined the definition of the American dream. History Essays

Wednesday, November 27, 2019

Analysis of the Poem “The Second Coming” by William Butler Yeats Essays

Analysis of the Poem â€Å"The Second Coming† by William Butler Yeats Essays Analysis of the Poem â€Å"The Second Coming† by William Butler Yeats Paper Analysis of the Poem â€Å"The Second Coming† by William Butler Yeats Paper One of the most resounding names in the discussion of 20th century literature is of the great William Butler Yeats. His works and even his biography are staple study materials for those who endeavor in literature studies. With that being said, it would also be important to study one of his greatest works. One of his best known works, also considered one of his finest, is the poem â€Å"The Second Coming.† Many artists claim that they were influenced by William Butler Yeats and this particular poem has been cited by other works of art. With that taken into consideration, many works of art by other artists can be considered offshoots of Yeats’ poem. It could also be assumed that in a way, this particular poem had somehow influence the art that we are experiencing today. This paper would attempt to present and analyze Yeats’ poem and look into the different aspects why it had become popular among poets and enthusiasts of poetry. Objectives The paper would not delve into a vicious criticism of the work at hand. The main objective would be to present the poem as not merely a poem, but a work of art that needs a deeper view and profound appreciation. Moreover, this particular poem had influenced many other artists. That would only mean that the influence of Yeats’ â€Å"The Second Coming† would be visible in many other works of art. It is an assumption that after an analysis of the poem, we would be able to determine how it had influenced other works of art. In simpler terms, if we would try to understand the poem, we would be granted a better understanding of the poem at hand and of the other works. There is a popular notion in the world of poetry that once an author had explained his or her work, the poem is being stripped of its divine quality. It is just fortunate that the author did not design this poem in an explicit manner.   Another popular notion in the world of art is that explicitness is dangerous to any form of art. And so, setting aside those popular notions, the work at hand belongs to the genre of poetry. Poetry is often coined as the art of misleading, it often leaves the readers scratching their heads. With all of that being said, reading a review before or after tackling a poem would undeniably be of great help to readers. The author Before we traverse further in the discussion, it would be helpful to have a brief overview of the author’s background. The objective of this part follows the logic of an old saying that tells us that the fruit doesn’t fall very far from the tree. The relationship of the fruit and the tree is just the same case for poems and poets. That is because we can understand a work better if we have an idea of the person that had come up with the work. William Butler Yeats is an Irish writer born and educated in the city of Dublin. He was born on the thirteenth of June 1865, and had passed away on the twenty-eighth of January 1939. As stated in the introduction, he would be a great representative of literature during the 20th century. He had endeavored in multiple genres of literature, but the most significant ones would be in drama and poetry. As a testament to his success as a writer, he had been a recipient of the highly-coveted Nobel Prize for literature (Foster 6-27). And of course, there is the worldwide readership and his influence that has spanned generations. nbsp; The poem Since the poem is not that long, it would be better for this paper to include the poem within its contents. The inclusion of the work to be analyzed would enable us to consult the work whenever we need to. Moreover, a review of the work is undeniably essential to any analysis. The Second Coming By William Butler Yeats Turning and turning in the widening gyre The falcon cannot hear the falconer; Things fall apart; the centre cannot hold; Mere anarchy is loosed upon the world, The blood-dimmed tide is loosed, and everywhere The ceremony of innocence is drowned; The best lack all conviction, while the worst Are full of passionate intensity nbsp; Surely some revelation is at hand; Surely the Second Coming is at hand. The Second Coming! Hardly are those words out When a vast image out of the Spiritus Mundi Troubles my sight: somewhere in the sands of the desert A shape with lion body and the head of man, A gaze blank and pitiless as the sun Is moving its slow thighs, while all about it Reel shadows of the indignant desert birds. The darkness drops again; but now I know That twenty centuries of stony sleep Were vexed to nightmare by a rocking cradle, And what rough beast, its hour come round at last, Slouches towards Bethlehem to be born? (Yeats 403) Brief background of the poem Yeats’ poem entitled â€Å"The Second Coming† was first printed in the American Magazine â€Å"The Dial† in November of 1920. The first printing was followed by the inclusion of the poem in Yeats’ collection of poems entitled â€Å"Michael Robartes and the Dancer† in 1921. The poem is known to be written during 1919, just after World War I. (Brown 71-72) Definition of terms The word gyre is one of the most noticeable unfamiliar terms in the poem. A gyre basically refers to a spinning vortex. The word is usually used to allude to the movements of oceanic and wind currents. Yeats had already incorporated the term in his book â€Å"A Vision†, which was published in 1925. Another term in poem that is calling attention is â€Å"spiritus mundi.† The term basically translates to the â€Å"spirit of the world.† The concept is in-line with Yeats’ belief that every mind of all individuals is somehow linked to a single vast intelligence (Foster 44) And for us to understand more of nature of some of the lines, we need to consult some works of other writers. The echoing lines in the last part of the first stanza â€Å"the best lack all conviction, while the worst / are full of passionate intensity.† It is said that those lines are in reference to the famous passages of the story Prometheus Unbound by Percy Bysshe Shelley. According to Yeats himself, during his childhood he had read Shelley’s book religiously and it had been an influence ever since (Foster 402) â€Å"The Second Coming† is of course in reference to the prophecy about second coming of Christ. This prophecy could be located in the bible specifically in the books of Matthew and the Revelations. Writing style At first glance, readers could carelessly conclude that the poem is a free-verse. The poem seemingly does not follow any rhyme scheme and meter whatsoever. But after orally reading the poem, that is when readers could easily appreciate the intricate design of the poem. If the poem â€Å"The Second Coming† would be categorized according to a sub-genre of poetry, it would belong to the â€Å"lyrical† style of poetry. As the name suggests, lyric poems is basically a kind of poetry that, just like a song, has musical qualities incorporated within it. And of course, to make a poem lyrical would mean to put rhymes for the poem to make distinct sounds. Although there are some, there are not many rhymes in the poem. In contrast to most classic poems, the number of end-rhymes was only reduced only into two in this particular poem. The few end-rhymes are: â€Å"hold† along with â€Å"world†, and although repetitive â€Å"hand† along with â€Å"hand.† Although there were only a few end-rhymes, the poem was interspersed with internal rhyming. But the internal rhyming that Yeats had done is not as technical as it sounds. He had just repeated some of the words to achieve the effect of internal rhymes. As we could observe in the poem â€Å"turning and turning†¦Ã¢â‚¬ , â€Å"the falcon†¦ the falconer†, â€Å"surely some revelation is at hand† / â€Å"surely the Second Coming is at hand† (Yeats 403) The overall effect to the combination of the handful of internal rhymes and the few petty end-rhymes enables the poem to sound as if there are echoes. This effect is best described by the second line â€Å"the falcon†¦ the falconer.† Brown was able to describe the effect of the poem in a more technical manner. According to him, the lack of form and the emphasis on the repetitions creates an impression to the readers that a poetry that has no form is just enough to describe the concept of â€Å"The Second Coming†- as if it is just a captured dream or a recorded hallucination. (Brown 72) The rhyming is not only the element of poetry that some readers might overlook. Reading the poem only visually would not enable the reader to determine that there is an underlying metric pattern within the poem. This particular metric pattern is known as the iambic pentameter, a metric pattern that is often associated with Shakespeare and other classic poets. The iambic pentameter is basically a metric pattern commonly characterized by a line being made up of five iambic feet. Here is a rough illustration of the iambic pentameter: duh DUM / duh DUM / duh DUM / duh DUM / duh DUM. And now here are the lines of the poem according to the illustration of the iambic pentameter: turn ING / and TURN / ing IN / the WIDE / ning GYRE†¦ surely LY / some RE / ve LA / tion IS / at HAND. Although the iambic pentameter is one of the most fundamental and recognizable metric patterns in poetry, it is just understandable that it would be hard for some to locate it in this particular poem. The poem does not follow an iambic pentameter as its only metric pattern, the first lines of each stanza follow the metric pattern called trochee. A trochee is basically a line that consists of a stressed syllable that is followed by an unstressed syllable. Themes To analyze the poem in a technical aspect like meter and rhyme may take some time and much research. But even at the first reading, one could easily see that the poem is rich in imagery, personification, irony, exaggeration, and of course, symbolisms. Its richness as a text makes the poem a versatile piece for plain poetry enthusiasts and for those who endeavors in rigorous literature studies. Perhaps the success of the poem owes much to the fact that there are many themes that can be unearthed from the poem. It is very likely that the one of the themes that a reader could immediately assume is that the poem takes on religion. There is a considerable count of words that connote the topic of religion. Even the title alone, â€Å"The Second Coming†, already directs us to the discussion of Christ or even Christianity in general. The concept of the â€Å"Second Coming† is considered a prophecy. It was prophesized in the bible, particularly in the books of Matthew and the Revelations, that there would be a second reappearance of Christ.   This prophecy is an integral part of the Christian faith and one of the reasons why Christians follow the teachings of the church.   And just like in the bible, some also consider Yeats poem as prophetic. The form of the poem is like a prophecy of the impending randomness that we are all to experience in gyre called society. On the other hand, it could also be that Yeats is taking the side of religion as â€Å"the falcon†¦Ã¢â‚¬  [Christians] â€Å"†¦cannot hear the falconer† [God]. It could be about the gradual degeneration of the level of faith of people on religion. In the phrase â€Å"the best lack conviction†, the best could be an allusion to Christians.   That is as opposed to phrase â€Å"the worst are full of passionate intensity†, in which the worst could be an allusion to non-Christians. It seems that Yeats had juxtaposed Christians to the other religions. And in his portrayal it seems that the non-Christians are having the upper hand in terms of having a â€Å"passionate intensity† with regards to faith. Moreover, the birthplace of Christ, Bethlehem, is mentioned in the last line of the poem â€Å"slouches towards Bethlehem to be born†? Many see religion as a dominant theme of the poem because Yeats is known for his fascination with the spiritual and the mythological. The words that can be associated with religion are ceremony, revelation, Spiritus Mundi, and Bethlehem. As a support for Yeats’ reputation of having a fascination for the spiritual and the mythological is the inclusion of a sphinx-like creature. This sphinx-like creature could be located in the line â€Å"a shape with lion body and the head of a man.† Yeats seems to have a fondness of mythological creatures such as the sphinx. There are many other works of Yeats that cite the sphinx. It should be taken into consideration that the sphinx is regarded as a religious icon in ancient Egypt. Aside from religion and spiritual themes, themes that take a political and societal tone are also present in the poem. The line â€Å"the falcon cannot hear the falconer† could be roughly interpreted to the subordinate cannot hear the leader.   And if the gyre is considered as a metaphor for the society, it is constantly widening. In relation to the poem, a widening gyre would mean that the spinning would be more turbulent. Yeats may have wanted to say that as time passes, the problem of the degeneration of society is getting more and more out of hand. Yeats had also seemingly stated his view of the society. The line â€Å"things fall apart, the centre cannot hold† could be alluding to the arguably degeneration of the society as it is swaying away from the old ways and adopting new ideas. But perhaps out of all the lines of the poem, the line â€Å"mere anarchy is loosed upon the world†, is the line that gives the poem a political flavor. The inclusion of the word â€Å"anarchy† alone is almost enough to lead readers to the theme of politics. If the reader would read Yeats’ â€Å"The Second Coming† during times of political instability, the reader could even generalize that the poem is basically about revolutions, insurgencies, activists, and the likes. The first line â€Å"turning and turning in the widening gyre† could simply mean that political instability is an ongoing trend in our societies. The second line â€Å"the falconer cannot hear the falconer† refers to the constituents of the tyrannical leadership. The people are refusing to hear the falconer’s [tyrant’s] commands. But Yeats had shown in this particular poem that he could be antirevolutionary. Yeats presents the consequences of a revolution â€Å"things fall apart; the centre cannot hold.† The picture that line paints in our minds is a typical picture of revolutions. That line could trigger images of dilapidated buildings, monuments and homes. That line basically refers to the chaos that revolutions could bring. The chaos that the poem had painted would be followed by the inclusion of the word â€Å"anarchy.† Then it would all be amplified by the line â€Å"the blood-dimed tide is loosed, and everywhere.† Yeats had also expressed his view on the topic of social classes in this poem. The last lines of the first paragraph â€Å"the best lack all conviction, while the worst / are full of passionate intensity† is begging the question: who are the â€Å"best† that are lacking conviction, and who are the â€Å"worst† that are full of passionate intensity? It is not unfamiliar to us that in discussions of social classes, categories are determined as either black or white. An individual could just either be rich or poor, educated and uneducated, and other determinants of social classes. It appears that Yeats’ view is that the privileged strata of the society is lacking faith and the working-class and medium-income part of the society are full of passionate intensity. This portrayal of Yeats is a common scenario in revolutions. The privileged part of the society seem to lack conviction when radical social change is about to happen. Yeats poem would lead the reader to the irony that the poor is the more active participant in the revolutions. That is despite the poor’s depressed and financially-lacking state. It seems that the common scenario in a revolution is that the rich is just standing in the background. That is just understandable as the rich and the poor would always think differently. As the poem says it â€Å"the best lack all conviction†, they do not want any part of the revolution. A likely reason is that they do not want to take part in the revolution is that because of the nature of the word revolution. Conclusion Yeats’ â€Å"The Second Coming† is certainly a controversial poem. Controversial not just because of it is a hybrid of free-verse and form, but also because of the themes that it generates. Nonetheless, the success of the poem is undeniable. The very evidences for that is its inclusion to many anthologies and publications. But the very testament of the poem’s success is that it continually calls controversy even up to this date. Moreover, the title â€Å"The Second Coming† is just aptly given to the poem. Just like the religious concept of the second coming of Christ, the poem also takes such mysterious quality. The â€Å"first coming† for the poem would be its first publication in 1920.   But as opposed to the religious second coming, the poem seems to reappearing again and again. It seems that the past and the future generations would still appreciate the poem for being one of the greatest poems ever written. nbsp;

Saturday, November 23, 2019

Free Essays on Language Skill And Job Market

Have you ever thought of those huge benefits that the knowledge of many different languages earns you in today’s globalized market sector? Not yet! Then you better start learning new languages and possess good communicative skills in all those that you learn because, with the world turning towards more globalization kind of perspectives, you will definitely need those skills to earn you a decent job in the present and the future. This is the topic that my paper will present to you. The point that I am trying to make is that in today’s globalized world, corporations and big service sectors are trying to look for employees with multi-lingual knowledge and good communicative skills because, the whole economy of these developed nations has over the century changed from and industrialized to a service kind. The primary source for my paper is certainly the lecture by Ms. Monica Heller on the topics of globalization and its effect of the language skills that people need to possess to earn a living. This lecture event by Ms. Heller was called ‘Language & Globalization’ and was about an hour long. The event that this paper talks about was one, which to a large extent discusses the evil strategies that globalization inculcates into the employers in the service sector. Ms. Heller also spoke about the ways in which everything today is being seen as a commodity in this all-spreading globalization market economy. The lecture she gave had specific examples pertaining to the service sector in present Canadian economy. Her lecture began with the definitions of two most popular terms in the service sector that Canada has; the first term was ‘Francophones’ and the other was ‘Anglophones’. Now surely they might be new to us but they have an internal meaning to these people, who are either from French speaking community or from English speaking one. It’s interesting how these employees are named according to the language that they spea... Free Essays on Language Skill And Job Market Free Essays on Language Skill And Job Market Have you ever thought of those huge benefits that the knowledge of many different languages earns you in today’s globalized market sector? Not yet! Then you better start learning new languages and possess good communicative skills in all those that you learn because, with the world turning towards more globalization kind of perspectives, you will definitely need those skills to earn you a decent job in the present and the future. This is the topic that my paper will present to you. The point that I am trying to make is that in today’s globalized world, corporations and big service sectors are trying to look for employees with multi-lingual knowledge and good communicative skills because, the whole economy of these developed nations has over the century changed from and industrialized to a service kind. The primary source for my paper is certainly the lecture by Ms. Monica Heller on the topics of globalization and its effect of the language skills that people need to possess to earn a living. This lecture event by Ms. Heller was called ‘Language & Globalization’ and was about an hour long. The event that this paper talks about was one, which to a large extent discusses the evil strategies that globalization inculcates into the employers in the service sector. Ms. Heller also spoke about the ways in which everything today is being seen as a commodity in this all-spreading globalization market economy. The lecture she gave had specific examples pertaining to the service sector in present Canadian economy. Her lecture began with the definitions of two most popular terms in the service sector that Canada has; the first term was ‘Francophones’ and the other was ‘Anglophones’. Now surely they might be new to us but they have an internal meaning to these people, who are either from French speaking community or from English speaking one. It’s interesting how these employees are named according to the language that they spea...

Thursday, November 21, 2019

Plasmid analysis Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words

Plasmid analysis - Essay Example The blue plasmid DNA did not contain any of the restriction sites for Hind III or Sac I. Introduction Plasmids are the extra chromosomal DNA molecules which are mostly double –stranded, circular and covalently closed molecules, varying in size from 1 kb to 200 kb. (Sambrook and Russell 2001). They are found in many bacterial species. They replicate independently and use a variety of mechanisms to maintain their copy number. They contain the gene codes for the enzymes that are important for the bacterial hosts. The plasmids act as vectors in the molecular biology experiments. The vectors are the carrier DNA molecules into which the foreign gene of interest is inserted and expressed in the host. This DNA is now called recombinant DNA (Roberts and Murray 1976). This recombinant DNA is able to express the Foreign DNA in the bacteria. These vectors replicate inside the host cell along with the inserted DNA. These vectors are of two types: expression vectors (expression of the clone d gene to give the desired protein) and cloning vectors (produce millions of copies of cloned DNA) (Sambrook and Russell 2001). Restriction endonucleases are the enzymes that cut the DNA at the specific sequences. There are about 200 different restriction enzymes (Siwach and Singh 2007). ... The restriction mapping is used to identify the plasmids. The number of DNA fragments and the size of the DNA fragments depend upon the action of the restriction enzyme (Kruezer and Massey 2008). These DNA fragments thus obtained are separated using the Agarose gel electrophoresis. Restriction mapping consists of three important steps. They are restriction enzyme digestion, agarose gel preparation and sample loading (Kruezer and Massey 2008). Results and Discussion: The nutrient agar plate was inoculated with E.coli, and the antibiotic discs were placed in the four quadrants. Figure1: Antibiotic profile against tetracycline in E. coli DH5alphaE:: pMTL84445 After inoculation at 37 degree Celsius for overnight, it was observed that the antibiotic disc of tetracycline had a clear zone. This indicates that the E.coli culture is resistant to kanamycin, chloramphenicol and ampicillin. There is very little sensitive to tetracycline. Figure 2: Antibiotic resistance profiling: Table 1a : Anti biotic resistance profiling of kanamycin control Kanamycin control E. coli DS941::pRRK Antibiotic disc Zone diameter in mm Chloramphenicol 30 Kanamycin 0 Tetracyline 10 Ampicillin 0 E.coli DS941::pRRK bacteria was found to be very sensitive to Chlormaphenicol and comparatively sensitive for Tetracycline antibiotics. The bacteria showed resistance to kanamycin and Ampicillin. Table 1b : Antibiotic resistance profiling of chloramphenicol control Chloramphenicol control: E. coli DS941::pAV35 Antibiotic disc Zone diameter in mm Chloramphenicol 0 Kanamycin 27 Tetracyline 32 Ampicillin 0 E. coli DS941::pAV35 bacteria were found to be very sensitive to Kanamycin and Tetracycline and resistant to Chloramphenicol and Ampicillin.

Wednesday, November 20, 2019

Assignment 1 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 7

Assignment 1 - Essay Example Putting these skills into practice is a factor that will help the United States move ahead and maintain its high position economically. Over the past years, countries like Russia and China have had steady economic growth rates, and this has posed as a challenge to the United States. The United States ought to understand the various steps taken by the countries to have them at the position that they enjoy and the consequent result of this is implementation of plans that will see the country register a rise in general growth. Demographics is also critically analyzed in the chapter. According to the United States census, it has had a steady increase in the birthrate from the 1970s (CEA 122). The increase in birthrate has had a negative effect on the working population. One way in which this has affected them is that many people and especially mothers have had to leave their works to carry out their maternal responsibilities and this has led to the slowing down of their corporate responsibilities. This is negative from the fact that other countries that do not have such a birthrate have their citizens working tirelessly to support their families and consequently catching up with the economic stature of the United States. The demographic problem has had its effect reflected in the prime working age. With an increase in population, the prime working age for a particular location is bound to decrease. Currently, the rate is between 25 to 54 years (CEA 122). It is speculated that if the birthrate continues increasing at the rate in which it has increased over time, the prime working age gap is bound to decrease and this has the consequent effect of having less labor. With less labor, there is a decrease in the amount of money that individuals bring into a company or organization. This has the effect of having the country in a poor economic position with the citizens having low living standards and the country lagging

Sunday, November 17, 2019

Dystopian Society Present in 1984 and Fahrenheit 451 Essay Example for Free

Dystopian Society Present in 1984 and Fahrenheit 451 Essay The idea of a dystopian society is that of complete control, either through the use of a police state that has ultimate control over humanity and or the idea of man abusing technology to further gain control of its subjects. These ideas are very present in both novels. In 1984, the totalitarian state is technically and urbanely engineered to spy on and see peoples very thoughts. In Fahrenheit 451 a similar idea is used in the outlawing of literature and the use of denunciations to capture and punish those deemed to have broken the law. This essay is going to explore the idea of Man’s struggle against the society which seeks to break him, erasing the individual, resulting in the mindless slaves to society, the very idea that the authors warn against. In 1984, the constant barrage of information regarding the greatness of the state and Big Brothers supremacy over the common man forces everyone to consent and believe in the totalitarian state. The party justifies itself by eliminating the individual, giving power to everyone as being part of the collective power of the party as O’Brien mentions  «if he can escape from his identity, if he can merge himself in the party so that he is the party, then he is all-powerful and immortal  » the party’s belief that they control everything even human reality portrays how far a totalitarian government can go in achieving complete control of humanity. This can be clearly seen in 1984, where O’Brien tortures Winston to the point where he is capable of relinquishing all humanity, all common sense until the point where O’Brien tells Winston that two and two make five. Winston loses all sense of individuality to the point where conforms to the party and denounces his true love Julia. Through the use of fear and crushing oppression, the idea of love apart from love for big brother and the party is all that remains. Therefore the Party succeed in their aims, obedience through the use of force and fear. The central conflict of the novel is Man-vs. Society, as with Fahrenheit 451. Winston constantly struggled for individuality in a society were there is no â€Å"I† there is only ‘we†, individuality and freedom of expression is forbidden, punishable by death. The party wishes to control all of humanity, eradicating the â€Å"sex instinct†, O’Brien says  « we will abolish the orgasm  »  « there will be no loyalty, except loyalty towards the party. There will be no love, except the love of big brother†¦ there will be no art, no literature, no science  », in this, the party’s aims are clear. They seek to destroy what it is to be human, to create a population of hollow men, loyal to none but the party, un-thinking, un-loving slaves of the party, tools. As in 1984, the state in Fahrenheit wish to crush creative thinking, eradicating humanity in the process. The burning of books, similar to the book burnings of Nazi Germany show the totalitarian, dystopian need to control the thoughts of the masses. By doing this, they control the past, and therefore the future. They are able to rewrite history to justify their acts, indoctrinating the youth to believe in their cause, just as the Nazis did. In Fahrenheit 451, as in 1984, symbolism and reversible meanings are present which can also be seen as conflicting emotions in the protagonist and the struggle to find a place in society. In 451, the contrasting ideas of fire and water are very interesting. The firemen are not as tradition tells, protectors of the people, putting out fires and saving lives, but using fire to burn and destroy literature. Their role is to destroy, to burn human creativeness. Captain Beatty, chief of the fire department, believes that fire is bright and fire is clean. This idea contradicts the norm of fire is destructive and evil. This represents the twisted ideas of authority, reversing the meaning of words, rewriting them to justify their aims of total control over humanity. The masses fail to see the true meaning of these words, or perhaps they have forgotten. This shows how far the totalitarian government has succeeded in indoctrinating people into believing what ever they wish them to. However, the protagonists in both novels are depicted as being marginalised because they do not share the same ideas, due to morals and ideals that they can only express in their minds, far from the reach of the state, a lonely free island in a sea of relentless waves. The idea of water by Bradbury is used to cleanse montag’s soul. The water saves Montag, cleansing him of the scent of society, he is thus reborn. In addition, when Montag is trying to escape the helicopters and the mechanical hound, the tools of the totalitarian government, the stream hides and saves him until it is safe to return to land. Montag indulges himself in the water and there was only the cold river and Montag floating in a sudden peacefulness, away from the city and the lights and the chase, away from everything in this the water saves him, purifies him, the opposite of the dystopian symbol, fire. Water is portrayed as the flow of humanity. In 1984, the party uses contrasting ideas in their party slogans such as  « War is peace, freedom is slavery, ignorance is strength  » these contrasting ideas represent perfectly the party’s ideals. The individual and the freedom that comes with it actually results in slavery in the dystopian society, ignorance of the truth of what the party is really about protects you from persecution of the thought police. The use of these contradicting words and the lack of opposition, mean that the party have succeeded in their indoctrination of the masses as no one has the ability to see past the words to see their true sense, even Winston and Julia remain troubled by it. In a dystopian society, the state exerts complete control over its population through oppression, terror and the constant use of propaganda. This is apparent in both novels. Both novels are predictions of a future controlled by totalitarian states. The thoughtpolice in 1984 use brainwashing, spies and denunciations to control the party however the proles are generally untouched. This is similar to Nazi Germany in that only those who rebelled or were undesirables in society were quashed, the general population remained untouched. By comparing Nazi Germany and the era in which this novel was written, we can see the blatant warning against future governments similar to the National Socialists led by Hitler and the state of terror and oppression and ethic cleansing which was deemed for the greater good. O’Brien says to Winston â€Å"perhaps you have returned to your old idea that the proletarians or the slaves will arise and overthrow us. Put it out of your mind. They are helpless, like the animals. Humanity is the party. † This shows the view that the totalitarian government controls all that is humanity and the lower classes remain irrelevant because they have neither the knowledge nor the power to overthrow those who control reality. They control the laws of nature, the past, the present and the future. However, Fahrenheit 451 does not elaborate on the political aims of the ruling party apart from their desire to quash human creativity and the ideas of individuality. Yet it remains a typical part of dystopian ideology to desire to control every aspect of the masses and even humanity itself. The use of the  « telescreen  » is an interesting concept that is abundant in both texts. The use of the telescreen in Fahrenheit 451 is that this became the populaces way of interacting with others without physically interacting with them, as people became detached from literature, from freedom. The people on these televisions were your family, who would keep you company and be your friend, spurting propaganda and essentially keeping people in check. The telescreen in 1984, shared the same idea but consisted of other more sinister uses such as spying on those suspected of thoughtcrime, revolutionary thoughts against the party, overhearing conversations and playing militaristic key speeches and propaganda techniques seen in Nazi Germany with the peoples radio. However this form of propaganda could never be switched off. This shows the ingsoc party’s ability to penetrate every single aspect of humanity and society, the idea that  « big brother is watching you  « is very well demonstrated. This of course being the reason why Winston and Julia were captured and tortured by the state. The use of the Telescreen can be noted in Winston and Julia’s struggle in that they are constantly bombarded by party propaganda, possibly overheard by the party through speakers hidden in the screen. This creates pressure to conform for fear of being found out and sent to the ministry of love for reconditioning. The underlying fear of the unknown bound them to neither conform nor rebel. They are lost in a society which they cannot escape and do not wish to be a part of, yet they have no choice. I believe that under this amount of pressure, anyone would fall and conform to whatever the Party demands, as the individual is no match for the collective power of the Party. Winston is not just a character in the story, but an idea. Winston is an anachronism. His mind and personality are not defined by the Party slogans, by the Party’s ideas of what he should be. From his own point of view he is an individual; from the Party’s point of view he is a flaw in the reality it is creating. The story follows Winston and his struggle for individualism and his overpowering feelings of humanity, the very feelings that the party try to destroy, which they eventually do through horrific torture spread over months. O’Brien says to him whilst trying to brainwash him  « you are the last man†¦you are the guardian of the human spirit.  » Winston then looks into the mirror and sees the frail creature that he had become. O’Brien does this to show the extent to which his party can destroy humanity and rebuild it to their designs. He then goes on to say  « Do you see that thing facing you? That is the last man. If you are human, that is humanity.  » Convincing Winston that his struggle in futile, the control of the party is infinite, they create the law around them to meet their ends of controlling everything, and everyone. Winston is eventually brainwashed and ends up loving bigbrother, thus the aims of the party complete. In conclusion, the extent to which 1984 refers to a dystopian society compared to Fahrenheit 451 is at once different yet similar. The ideas of the party relate to those of the Nazis and soviet Russia; the lies, the oppression, the propaganda, the removal of civil liberties and the crushing of humanity. However 1984 is an extreme version of this prediction of the future. Fahrenheit explores more the emotional changes in Montag that convinces him to relinquish his part in destroying freedom of expression enforced by the fireman and the state and to embrace his curiosity and his humanity. 984 ends with the destruction of Winston, finally loving bigbrother, his love for Julia destroyed, his individuality crushed they had both failed themselves and each other and lost to power of â€Å"Big Brother. † Orwell was a firm believer in Marxism and the need for the proletarian to rise up and equalise society. These two tales are a warning of the dangers of dystopian societies, the need f or humanity to shed this society that has become so desensitised and to be aware of the reliance on technology, before it is too late.